청계천. 淸溪川. Cheonggyecheon Stream
(Information from Visit Seoul) Cheonggyecheon Stream is an urban stream nearly 11 km long running through Seoul that once served as a sewerage channel during the Joseon Dynasty. It was enclosed during the Stream Coverage Project after Korea regained her independence in 1945, and remained so until being renovated into its present form in 2005. Since this painstaking restoration work was undertaken, Cheonggyecheon Stream has been completely refurbished as a cultural and arts venue, providing various areas for recreation. The stream passes under a total of 22 bridges before flowing into the Hangang River and boasts many attractions along its length.
(Information from Visit Seoul) Gwanghwamun Square is divided into six sections. At its center stands a statue of King Sejong the Great, the fourth and most respected king of the Joseon Dynasty and creator of Hangeul, Korea’s alphabet; and a statue of Admiral Yi Sunshin, a naval commander noted for his victories against the Japanese navy during the Japanese invasions of Korea (1592-1598) and a hero among Koreans. Other attractions include the popular 12·23 Fountain, a sculpture of Haechi (the symbol of Seoul), a flower carpet, and Yeoksamulgil (“Waterway of History”) on either side of the square.
Gwanghwamun Square stretches out from Gwanghwamun, once the main gate of Gyeongbokgung Palace, to Sejongno Sageori. This area was once Yukjo-geori (Avenue of Six Ministries), the center of Hanyang, which was the capital city during the Joseon Dynasty. Nowadays it is home to the Government’s major administrative departments.